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加拿大入籍考试题目精华 –  历史

Who are the Aboriginal peoples in Canada?   The first inhabitants of Canada.

Who are the three founding people of Canada? Aboriginal, French, and British.

How long have Aboriginal People Lived in CanadaMigrated from Asia 1000 years ago

From whom are the Métis descended? The descendants of marriages between early French and English traders and First Nations women.

Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working towards self-government?  They are trying to regain control over decisions that affect their lives.

Métis are30% of all Aboriginal people

From where does the name “Canada” come? By the 1550s, from “kanata”, the Huron-Iroquois word for village.

Why did early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?  To fish and trade with Aboriginal peoples.

When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River?

early 1600s.

Crown has been a symbol of Canada for 400 years as…. Canada has been a constitutional monarchy in its own right since confederation

The act of Quebec signed in 1774 allowed people from Quebec to worship the Catholic religion. What are the repercussions on Canadas modern society? Everyone can worship a religion as long as its respects the law. Canada tolerance all religions under the law

Why the Battle of Vimy Ridge is important in the Canadian history? It has come to symbolize Canada’s becoming as a nation. Birth of a Nation in 1st World War

When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River?   Early 1600s.

From whom are the Acadians descended? French colonists who began settling in what are now the Maritime provinces 沿海诸省in 1604.

Who are the Acadian people? French who were the first Europeans to settle in Canada.

For how long did the Hudson Bay Company control the northern lands? 300 years

Who are Quebecois? They form a nation within a united Canada.

Who were the United Empire Loyalists? They were British settlers who moved to the Atlantic region from the United States. These people were known as United Empire Loyalists because of their loyalty to England.

Why did early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada? To fish and trade with First Nations people.

When did the United Empire Loyalists come to Canada? Late 1700s.

The first representative assembly was elected in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1758

When Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) was completed In late 1800s it: Provided a means for connecting eastern Canada with the west as symbol of unity. At the end of 1885.

The 1812 war between England & United States was important. Why?  – Canada remain independence from the United states.1812年美国和英国为什么打仗

The first financial institutions opened in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The Montreal Stock Exchange opened in 1832.

When did thousands of miners first come to Yukon? 1890s.

How many Canadians served in the First World War?   More than 600,000.

How many Canadians served in the World War II? More than one million

Which four provinces first formed Confederation? Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick /Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and province of Canada

What is the significance of D-Day in our history? Canada with democratic allies attacked Normandy to liberate Europe from Nazi occupation (June 6, 1944)

On D-Day  the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division stormed and captured Juno Beach
Which country was liberated by the Canadian Army in the 1944 – 1945? The Netherlands

Aboriginal people were granted the vote in1960

In the 1960s, Quebec experienced an era of rapid change. What is this called? The Quiet Revolution

On what date did Nunavut become a territory?  April 1st, 1999

Why do we celebrate Canada day on July 1?It is to celebrate Canada as a self governing dominion. To celebrate formation of Confederation

What was the “Head Tax”? Race-based entry fee charged for Chinese entering Canada

Deportation of Acadians is also known as The Great Upheaval

Upper Canada later Ontario was mainly Loyalist, Protestant, and English-speaking,while Lower Canada later Quebec was mainly Catholic and French-speaking.

How many Canadians have been awarded the Victoria Cross? 96

Brigadier James Wolfe and the Marquis de Montcalm was the commanders of the British and French armies at the battle of the Plains of Abraham, in 1759, marking the end of France’s empire in America.

Donald Smith (Lord Strathcona) was director of the Canadian Pacific Railway

Louis Riel led an uprising that seized Fort Garry in 1869, the father of Manitoba

Dr John A. Hopps invented Cardiac pacemaker

Dr. Wilder Penfield, was known as “the greatest living Canadian”, a pioneering brain surgeon at McGill University in Montreal

Women’s Suffrage Movement Women Voting Right

Dr. Emily Stowe the founder of women’s suffrage movement in Canada and in 1916, Manitobabecame the first province to grant voting rights to women.

Gabriel Dumont , the greatest military leader of the Métis

Lord Grey Was a Governor General of Canada

Lieutenant Colonel John Graves Simcoe was Upper Canada’s first Lieutenant Governor and founder of the City of York (now Toronto). Simcoe also made Upper Canada the first province in the British Empire to abolish slavery

Jacques Cartier was the first European to explore the St. Lawrence River and to set eyes on present-day Quebec City and MontrealBetween 1534 and 1542, Jacques Cartier made three voyages across the Atlantic, claiming the land for King Francis I of France

James Naismith invented Basketball in 1891.

John Cabotwas the first to map Canada’s Atlantic shore, setting foot on Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island in 1497 and claiming the New Founde Land for England. English settlement did not begin until 1610.

John Graves Simcoe was Upper Canada’s first Lieutenant Governor and founder of the City of York (now Toronto). became the first province in the Empire to move toward abolition.

Pierre de Monts and Samuel de Champlain,in 1604, the first European settlement north of Florida was established by French explorers

Phil Edwards was a Canadian track and field champion, won bronze medals for Canada in the 1928, 1932, and 1936 Olympics

Queen Elizabeth has been Queen of Canada since 1952

Rick Hansen circled the globe in a wheelchair to raise funds for spinal cord research.

Sir Arthur Currie became Canada’s greatest soldier, In 1918, under the command of General Sir Arthur Currie, the French and British Empire troops in the last Hundred Days. the war ended in the Armistice on November 11, 1918. The war strengthened both national and imperial pride, particularly in English Canada.

Sir Frederick Banting of Toronto and Charles Best discovered insulin saved 16 million lives worldwide from diabetes

Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine A champion of democracy and French language rights, became the first leader of a responsible government in the Canadas in 1849.

Sir Leonard Tilley, suggested the term Dominion of Canada in 1864. He was inspired by Psalm 72 in the Bible which refers to “dominion from sea to sea and from the river to the ends of the earth.”

Sir John Alexander Macdonald, a Father of Confederation, became Canada’s first Prime Minister, Whose portrait is on the $10 bill

Sir Sam Steele, a great frontier hero, Mounted Policeman and soldier of the Queen, the Canada’ s most colourful heroes.

Sir Wilfrid Laurier became the first French-Canadian prime minister since Confederation and encouraged immigration to the West. His portrait is on the $5 bill. Sir Wilfrid Laurier Day is celebrated on 20th of November

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