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加拿大入籍考试题目精华 – 制度

What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship ?I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Canada, Her Heirs and Successors, and that I will faithfully observe the laws of Canada and fulfill my duties as a Canadian citizen.我会忠诚及怀着忠实的心对加拿大女皇陛下伊利沙伯二世,他的后裔及继承人,并且我会忠诚地遵守加拿大法律及履行一个加拿大公民的责任。

What are three key facts about Canada’s system of government? A federal state, a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.

What is the government of all of Canada called? Federal

What are the three branches of Canadian government? Executive, Legislative, Judicial (courts)  什么是政府的三个部门?

What are the three levels of government? federal and provincial, Local or municipal government

What is meant by the term “responsible government”?  This means that the ministers of the Crown must have the support of a majority of the elected representatives in order to govern.

The role of the opposition party The opposition party with the most members of the House of Commons is the Official Opposition or Her Majesty’s Loyal Opposition. The role of opposition parties is to peacefully oppose or try to improve government proposals. The other parties that are not in power are known as opposition parties. There are four major political parties currently represented in the House of Commons: the Bloc Québécois, Conservative Party, Liberal Party and New Democratic Party.

How does Canada’s legal system based on? It is based on Rule of law, freedom under the law, democratic principles and due process.

What does it mean to say that Canada is a constitutional monarchy? 加拿大是一个君主立宪制是什么意思?Canada is personified by the Sovereign just as the Sovereign is personified by Canada. The Sovereign is a part of Parliament, playing an important, non-partisan role as the focus of citizenship and allegiance, symbol of Canadian sovereignty, guardian of constitutional freedoms, reflection of our history and an encouragement for Canadians to give their best to their country

What does Confederation mean? The joining of provinces to become a new country.

Canada‘s constitution was founded on what principle?– ‘Peace, Order and Good Government’

What is the Canadian Constitution? A system of laws and conventions which our country governs itself by

Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.列举加拿大人权及自由宪章所保护的其中两项基本自由。Freedom of religion 宗教自由Freedom of thought 思想自由Freedom of belief 信仰自由Freedom of opinion 意见自由Freedom of expression 言论自由

Name four (4) fundamental freedoms that Canadians enjoy? Freedom of conscience and religion; 宗教和信仰自由Freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of speech and of the press; 思想,信仰,观点和表达自由,包括新闻和言论自由Freedom of peaceful assembly; and和平集会的自由,和Freedom of association. 结社自由

Identify four (4) rights that Canadians enjoy. Mobility Rights — Canadians can live and work anywhere they choose in Canada, enter and leave the country freely, and apply for a passport. 流动权-加拿大人可以选择在加拿大任何地方居住和工作,自由进入和离开该国,并申请护照。Aboriginal Peoples’ Rights — The rights guaranteed in the Charter will not adversely affect any treaty or other rights or freedoms of Aboriginal peoples. 土著人民权利-土著人民在宪章中被保障享有的权利将不会受到任何条约或其他权利或自由的不利影响。Official Language Rights and Minority 少数民族Language Educational Rights — French and English have equal status in Parliament and throughout the government. 官方语言的权利和少数民族语言教育的权利-法语和英语在国会和各地政府具有平等的地位。Multiculturalism — A fundamental characteristic of the Canadian heritage and identity. Canadians celebrate the gift of one another’s presence and work hard to respect pluralism and live in harmony. 多元文化主义-加拿大遗产和身份的基本特征。加拿大人庆祝以彼此存在为礼物,并努力致力于尊重多元化和和睦相处。

What are some of the duties and responsibilities of Canadian citizen?Serve on jury, work, obey the law, take care of one’s family

What are some of the sources of our rights and responsibilities?Our history, laws, tradition and values

Which legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians 那一个法律文件承认加拿大多元文化?The Canadian Multiculturalism Act. 加拿大多元文化条约。

Which legal documents protect the official language rights of Canadians 那一份法律文件保障加拿大官方语言的权利?The Canadian Constitution and the Official Languages Act. 加拿大宪法及官方语言条约。

The form of government in Canada is:Federal State, Parliamentary Democracy, Constitutional Monarchy

Which is not citizen responsibility – learn both official languages

Function of the police? enforce and uphold the law

What is the role of the courts in Canada?  settle disputes

How senator is chosen – on the advice of prime minister

What is Sovereign(Queen) role? Non partisan党派 role as the focus of Citizenship and allegiance.

What the Canadian Crown is a symbol of Canada The answer was because Canada is a constitutional monarch

Who is Canada’s Head of State? A hereditary Sovereign (Queen or King).

What is the difference between the role of the Queen and that of the Prime Minister? 女王总理的区别?There is a clear distinction in Canada between the head of state — the Sovereign — and the head of government — the Prime Minister, who actually directs the governing of the country.

What do you call the Queen’s representative in the provinces and territories 怎样称呼女皇在省及特区的代表?Lieutenant-Governors (in province) 省督Commissioner (in territories) 专员

What is a Cabinet Minister? MP selected by the Prime Minister to run federal departments.

What are the three parts of Parliament? The Queen/ Sovereign, the Senate and the House of Commons

What does it mean when we say that Canada is a federal state? That the federal government takes responsibility for national and international matters, while the provinces are responsible for other matters, such as health and education

What are the federal government responsibilities? Foreign Policy, defense, citizenship.

Which of the followings are the responsibilities of provincial government?  Education, health care, natural resources and policing.

Which of the followings are the responsibilities of Municipal Gov. Firefighting & Garbage Disposal/ Social and community Health, snow removal and transportation. /urban or regional planning, streets and roads, sanitation (such as garbage removal), snow removal, firefighting, ambulance and other emergency services, recreation facilities, urban transit and some local health and social services. Building regulations 房建规则 What level of government passes “by-laws”? Municipal or local government.

Our legal system is based on Equality before law and freedom under law

Why presumption of innocence is important? It meaning everyone is innocent until proven guilty.

What do we pledge when taking Oath I swear (or affirm) That I will be faithful And bear true allegiance忠诚To Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second 陛下 Queen of Canada Her Heirs and Successors And that I will faithfully observe The laws of Canada And fulfil my duties as a Canadian citizen.

How many judges are there in the Supreme Court of Canada? 9

The right to challenge unlawful detention by the state is called Habeas corpus

Which right do Canadian citizens have? To be given peference for certain jobs.

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